Gray wolves in North America are known as one in the most dangerous animal in this land. Their ancestor is domestic dog. They have high collaboration skill and intelligence because they lacks size, power and weapons. Smaller and less powerful than mountain lions, for example, wolves work together to take down prey much larger than an individual wolf. So how can they hunt? We are going to find the answer.
Wolves eat ungulates, or large hoofed mammals, such as elk, deer, moose and caribou, as well as beaver, rabbits and other small prey. Wolves are also scavengers and often eat animals that have died due to other causes. They can follow a herd of elk, a caribou or other prey some days before carrying out moving. And at this time, they try to find a an animal that displays any sign of weakness.
There are some factors that affect to their hunt such as weather, terrain and so on. And Wolves have learned to use these conditions to their advantage in order to when facing with each situation, wolf has to hunt under a variety of ways. For example, in warm weather, this same pack of wolves changes its tactics, leading the caribou into a dry riverbed where many of other animals stumble on the round stones. By contrast, if there are too may factors that seems to be favor to the prey, they may choose to wait. Sometimes it is better to stay a little bit hungry until the odds improve rather than expend value energy on a useless running.
After researching, it can be easy to see that different ageing wolves act different roles in hunting. Each of the other tries them best to contribute their ability and experience to kill the prey, together. Females often take on leading and forth in front of the prey, so that the powerful males are able to take down a large animal more aggressively and quickly. If some stronger females can, they would keep the prey and help the hunting finish sooner. A well – placed kick could encourage to break the prey’s jaw, rendering it unable to feed itself.
The youngest wolves often do nothing but observe and learn in terms of what are happening and accumulate for the next time. They watch how the adult wolf changes their strategy depend on each condition and each type of prey. Thus, they learn how to handle each different situation. For example, they can know how to keep the prey, how to protect themselves, how to jump over a channel. And the older wolves imitate the more experienced wolves and perfect the precise skills of tackling.
Therefore, a pack of wolves with the combination between members can hunt perfectly. And the catching prey would be the worthy present for all members. All of this create a wonderful hunting behavior of this animal.